Written by: Greg Ellifritz
The link above shows what happens in a typical birdshot defensive shooting. The birdshot created the desired response (stopping the attack), but it certainly didn’t incapacitate the burglar. If the burglar had been armed, do you think he would have been out of the fight? I don’t.
People stop their attacks for a variety of reasons after they have been shot. Some stop because of pain. Others stop because of shock. Still others are physically incapacitated by blood loss or organ damage. We can’t rely on shock or pain to stop an attacker who is exceptionally motivated, mentally ill, drunk, or on drugs. We must achieve physical incapacitation. That happens either by hitting the brain or upper spinal cord (causing death or paralysis) or by doing enough damage to organs and blood vessels that the bad guy collapses from blood loss.
Birdshot doesn’t reliably penetrate deeply enough to hit those vital targets, especially if your target is wearing heavy clothing or behind a piece of cover.
If you don’t believe me, check out this video (caution if you have a weak stomach for blood) from a police shooting in Bahrain. The birdshot created bloody and painful wounds but didn’t incapacitate the teenage boy who was shot. It appeared as if none of the birdshot pellets penetrated more than about 1/2 inch into his body.
In my study of defensive shootings, I collected data on nearly 200 shotgun shootings. When I analyzed the data to determine which rounds immediately incapacitated the person shot, I found some interesting results:
Birdshot (all types)- 17% of shots led to an immediate incapacitation
Buckshot (all types)- 54% of shots led to an immediate incapacitation
Rifled Slugs- 67% of shots led to an immediate incapacitation
All of the above results were from shootings with 12 gauge shotguns only.
While there were many other shootings where the criminal stopped his action and fled (similar to the one linked to above) without being incapacitated, relying on that isn’t always a good bet.
Birdshot can work as a self defense round at close range against unarmored targets, but it is rarely the best choice. I’ve shot birds who didn’t stop after a hit of birdshot! Do yourself a favor and buy a box of buckshot. Is $5 too much to pay for your life?
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